Psihologija – zašto islam stvara čudovišta?

Nicolai Sennels

preveo: AleXandar Lambros

20120729_terrorist_islamist_jpegPsihopate i psihopatološko ponašanje sreću se u svim kulturama i religijama. Ali jedna prevazilazi sve ostale – i to po svim parametrima. Svakodnevna masovna ubistva, teror, proganjanje i egzekucije čitavih porodica koja sprovode sledbenici islama izazivaju mučninu a maštoviti načini koji se pri tome primenjuju (uvek u potrazi za novim i učinkovitijim načinima za ubijanje i terorisanje) su zapanjujući: otmice putničkih aviona koji se potom zakucavaju u nebodere, lov granatama i automatskim puškama na nevine i nenaoružane ljude u tržnim centrima, obmotavanje bombama, korišćenje maketnih aviona kao avione bez pilota, pričvršćivanje rotirajućih sečiva na točkove kamioneta koji se potom koriste kao kosilice za ljude, ubijanje porodica kiselinom ili vatrom, javno vešanje ljudi na kranovima pred publikom koja klikće itd. Čovek ne može da se ne zapita: šta to stvara takav nedostatak empatije i takvu maštovitost za ubijanje zamišljenih neprijatelja?

Ovo je pitanje za psihologe kao što sam ja.

Proučavanje muslimanskog uma

iran_execution-of-gaysNiko se ne rodi kao masovni ubica, siledžija ili nasilni kriminalac. Šta je onda to u muslimanskoj kulturi što na njihovu decu utiče tako da je kasnije među njima toliko mnogo onih spremnih da povrede drugoga?

Kao psiholog u jednom danskom zatvoru za omladince bio sam u jedinstvenoj prilici da proučavam mentalitet muslimana. Među mladim prekršiocima zakona u Danskoj njih 70% su muslimani. Bio sam u prilici da ih poredim sa nemuslimanima iste životne dobi iz manje više istog društvenog miljea. Došao sam do zaključka da islam i muslimanska kultura raspolažu izvesnim psihološkim mehanizmima koji utiču na pojavu kriminalnog ponašanja i ometaju lični razvoj pojedinca.

Svestan sam, naravno, da su muslimani drugačiji i da se ne drže svi nasilnih i izopačenih poruka Kurana i sramnog primera njihovog proroka. Ali, kao što to čine i sve ostale religije, islam utiče na svoje sledbenike i kulturu u kojoj žive.

Može se govoriti o dve grupe psiholoških mehanizama koji, pojedinačno i zajedno, dovode do povećanja nasilnog ponašanja. Jedna je mahom povezana sa samom religijom, čiji je cilj najranija moguća indoktrinacija dece islamskim vrednostima po svaku cenu, uključujući i nasilje i zastrašivanje. Može se razumeti zabrinutost roditelja za versko opredeljenje potomstva ali šerijat za decu koja se opredele za neku drugu religiju propisuje smrtnu kaznu. Druga grupa mehanizama više je kulturološka i psihološka. Ovi kulturološko psihološki mehanizmi su prirodna posledica uticaja religije kakva je islam koja potiče iz 1.400 godina starog plemenskog društva sa vrlo ograničenim mogućnostima za razvoj preko onoga što religija propisuje.

Klasične metode ispiranja mozga u vaspitavanju

Isprati nekome mozak toliko da taj neko čini stvari protiv svoje ljudske prirode – kao što je mrzeti nekoga ili ubiti nevine ljude koje čak i ne poznajete – tradicionalno se postiže kombinacijom dve stvari: bola i ponavljanja. Namerno nanošenje psihičkih i fizičkih patnji slama otpor pojedinca na neprestano ponavljanje poruke.

Totalitarni režimi koriste se ovom metodom da preobrate političke disidente. Vojske u manje civilizovanim zemljama koriste se njome da bi stvorili nemilosrdne vojnike, a razne verske sekte širom sveta takođe je koriste za fanatizovanje svojih sledbenika.

Tokom brojnih razgovora sa više od sto muslimana zaključio sam da su nasilje i neprestano ponavljanje verske poruke preovlađuju u muslimanskim porodicama.

Muslimanska kultura jednostavno nema isti stepen shvatanja ljudskog razvoja koji postoji u civilizovanim društvima i fizičko nanošenje bola i pretnje često su sredstva kojima se daje prednost prilikom podizanja dece. Upravo zbog toga toliko mnogo muslimanskih devojčica kasnije prihvata bračno nasilje a muslimanski dečaci rastu sa idejom da je nasilje prihvatljivo. Ujedno to je i razlog zbog čega devet od desetoro dece koje vlasti u Kopenhagenu oduzmu roditeljima, dolazi iz imigrantskih porodica. Muslimanska tradicija korišćenja bola i zastrašivanja predstavlja deo procesa disciplinovanja dece i naširoko se primenjuje i u muslimanskim školama, čak i na zapadu.

Ovo u kombinaciji sa neprestanim ponavljanjem stihova iz Kurana u muslimanskim školama i porodicama čini decu gotovo nemoćnom da se odbrane od indoktrinacije Kuranom, čak i kad je to protivno sekularnim zakonim, logici i najprostijem razumevanju saosećajnosti.

I kao što nam je poznato iz brojnih psiholoških studija, kada se na ovakav način rano utiče na dete kasnije je potreban neverovatan lični napor da bi se ikakva promena ostvarila. Ne čudi onda što su muslimani uopšte, uprkos nehumanoj prirodi islama i njegovoj očitoj nesposobnosti da svoje sledbenike opremi humorom, saosećanjem i drugim privlačnim kvalitetima, čvršći u svojoj veri od sledbenika bilo koje druge religije.

Četiri psihološka faktora

Ne samo da tradicionalno islamsko vaspitanje dece po metodama liči na klasično ispiranje mozga, već i kultura koju stvara neguje četiri psihološke karakterstike koje dalje omogućavaju i utiču na rast nasilnog ponašanja.

Ta četiri faktora su sledeći: bes, samopouzdanje, odgovornost prema sebi i tolerancija.

Kada je bes u pitanju u zapadnom društvu opšti je konsenzus da on predstavlja odraz slabosti. Nekontrolisane eksplozije ovog neprijatnog osećanja možda su najbrži način da se izgubi ugled, posebno u severnim evropskim zemljama, i mada takvi ljudi mogu izazvati strah oni nikad ne dobijaju poštovanje. U muslimanskoj kulturi bes je mnogo prihvatljiviji i biti u stanju zastrašivati ljude vidi se kao snaga i izvor društvenog statusa. U prilici smo čak da vidimo kako u nekim muslimanskim etničkim grupama i zemljama ponosno proglašavaju čitave dane besa, koristeći se izrazima kakav je „sveti bes“ – izraz koji u miroljubivim kulturama zvuči kontradiktorno.

U zapadnim društvima sposobnost da se podnese konstruktivna kritika kad je ona opravdana ili da se ne reaguje burno kad nije, vidi se kao izraz samopouzdanja i integriteta. Kao što su svi primetili, to nije slučaj među muslimanima. Kod njih se kritika, ma koliko opravdana bila, vidi kao napad na čast i očekuje se da se ona povrati tako što će se protivnik ućutkati, pa ma kako. Muslimani skoro nikada ne pokušavaju da na kritiku odgovore argumentovano. Umesto toga pokušavaju da uguše kritiku pretvarajući se da su uvređeni ili etiketiranjem sagovornika ili pretnjama ili čak i ubistvom.

Treći psihološki faktor tiče se odgovornosti prema sebi i ovde psihološki fenomen poznat kao „mesto (locus) kontrole“ igra glavnu ulogu. Ljudi koji su vaspitavani po zapadnom modelu uglavnom poseduju unutrašnji locus kontrole što će reći da kroz život idu vođeni unutrašnjim faktorima, kao što su sopstveni životni izbori, svetonazori, način reagovanja na osećanja i različite životne situacije itd. Muslimani se vaspitavaju tako da život vide kao nešto što je kontrolisano spolja. Sve što se dogodi je „insha’ Allah“ – božja volja – i brojni verski zakoni, tradicije i moćni muški autoriteti ostavljaju malo prostora za individualnu odgovornost. Ovo je uzrok svetski čuvenom muslimanskom mentalitetu žrtve po kome su svi drugi krivi i trebaju biti kažnjeni za situaciju koju su inače sami stvorili.

Konačno, četvrti psihološki faktor koji muslimane čini tako prijemčivim za nasilne poruke Kurana tiče se tolerancije. Dok zapadna društva uopšteno dobru osobu opisuju kao otvorenu i tolerantnu, muslimanima je rečeno da su superiorniji u odnosu na nemuslimane, da su predodređeni da dominiraju nad nemuslimanima i da se društveno i emocionalno moraju distancirati od nemuslimana. Mnogi stihove mržnje i dehumanizovanja u Kuranu i haditima spram nemuslimana, vrlo nalikuju psihološkoj propagandi kojom se koriste vođe za mentalnu pripremu sopstvenog naroda za rat i ubijanje neprijatelja. Ubiti drugo ljudsko biće je lakše ako ga mrzite i ako ga ne vidite kao ljudsko biće u punoj meri.

Zašto islam stvara čudovišta?

Kulturološki i psihološki koktel besa, niskog stepena samopouzdanja, mentaliteta žrtve, volja da se bude slepo vođen spoljnim autoritetima, i agresivan i diskriminatorski pogled na nemuslimane, a koji im se nameće kroz bol, zastrašivanje i beskonačno ponavljanje (do stepena zatupljivanja) bezbrojnih kuranskih stihova mržnje i nasilja spram nemuslimana, je razlog zbog čega islam stvara čudovišta.

Psihološki problem unutar islama

Problem sa islamom i muslimanskom kulturom je taj što postoji toliko mnogo psiholoških faktora koji njegove sledbenike gura nasilničkom ponašanju prema nemuslimanima tako da je opšti nasilni sukob, barem iz psihološke perspektive, neizbežan. Sa tako jakim pritiskom i tako jakim osećanjima unutar tako velike grupe ljudi gde su svi napujdani protiv nas, suočićemo se sa žestokom olujom, i ne vidim mogućnost da se to predupredi. Da bi se ljudi promenili potrebno je da oni to žele, da im je to dozvoljeno, i da su u stanju da tu promenu izvedu. Samo sićušna manjima muslimana ima te srećne okolnosti.

Suviše mnogo ljudi podcenjuje moć psihološkog uslovljavanja religije i kulture. Kao što smo već videli, ne postoji ta vojska socijalnih radnika, količina socijalne pomoći, slatkorečivih političara, politički korektnih novinara, militantnih promotera demokratije koja bi mogla zaustaviti ove moćne sile. Osetljivi imigracioni i antiislamistički zakoni u našim zemljama mogu ograničiti količinu patnje ali, na osnovu svog obrazovanja i profesionalnog iskustva kao psihologa za muslimane, procenjujem da nećemo biti u stanju da odvratimo ili izbegnemo ovaj višestrani, agresivni pokret protiv naše kulture.

Verujem da mi, kao demokratsko i prosvećeno društvo možemo da se usredsredimo i organizujemo kad je u pitanju očuvanje naših vrednosti i da možemo pobediti u ovom sukobu koji već traje a koji su započeli često urođeni sledbenici šerijata. Veliko pitanje je koliko dostojanstva, građanskih prava, krvi, suza i novca ćemo u tom procesu izgubiti.

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Psychology: Why Islam creates monsters

by Nicolai Sennels

nicolai-sennelsPsychopathic people and behaviour are found within all cultures and religions. But one tops them all — by many lengths. The daily mass killings, terror, persecutions and family executions committed by the followers of Islam are nauseating, and the ingenuity behind the attacks — always looking for new and more effective ways of killing and terrorising people — is astonishing: hijacking jumbo jets and flying them into skyscrapers, hunting unarmed and innocent people with grenades and automatic rifles in shopping malls, planting bombs in one’s own body, using model airplanes as drones, attaching large rotating blades to pickup trucks and using them as human lawn movers, killing family members with acid or fire, hanging people publicly from cranes in front of cheering crowds, etc. It makes one ask oneself: what creates such lack of empathy and almost playful and creative attitude towards murdering perceived enemies?

This is a question for psychologists like me.

Studying the Muslim mind

1013786_310779905728329_1019055254_nNobody is born a mass murderer, a rapist or a violent criminal. So what is it in the Muslim culture that influence their children in a way that make so relatively many Muslims harm other people?

As a psychologist in a Danish youth prison, I had a unique chance to study the mentality of Muslims. 70 percent of youth offenders in Denmark have a Muslim background. I was able to compare them with non-Muslim clients from the same age group with more or less the same social background. I came to the conclusion that Islam and Muslim culture have certain psychological mechanisms that harm people’s development and increase criminal behaviour.

I am, of course, aware that Muslims are different, and not all Muslims follow the Quran’s violent and perverted message and their prophet’s equally embarrassing example. But as with all other religions, Islam also influences its followers and the culture they live in.

One could talk about two groups of psychological mechanisms, that both singly and combined increase violent behaviour. One group is mainly connected with religion, which aims at indoctrinating Islamic values in children as early as possible and with whatever means necessary, including violence and intimidation. One can understand a Muslim parent’s concern about his offspring’s religious choices, because the sharia orders the death penalty for their children, should they pick another religion than their parents. The other group of mechanisms are more cultural and psychological. These cultural psychological mechanisms are a natural consequence of being influenced by a religion like Islam and stemming from a 1,400 year old tribal society with very limited freedom to develop beyond what the religion allows.

Classical brainwashing methods in the upbringing

291421_20121123reutersadnan-abidiamrohadi004284754_orighBrainwashing people into believing or doing things against their own human nature — such as hating or even killing innocents they do not even know — is traditionally done by combining two things: pain and repetition. The conscious infliction of psychological and physical suffering breaks down the person’s resistance to the constantly repeated message.

Totalitarian regimes use this method to reform political dissidents. Armies in less civilized countries use it to create ruthless soldiers, and religious sects all over the world use it to fanaticize their followers.

During numerous sessions with more than a hundred Muslim clients, I found that violence and repetition of religious messages are prevalent in Muslim families.

Muslim culture simply does not have the same degree of understanding of human development as in civilized societies, and physical pain and threats are therefore often the preferred tool to raise children. This is why so many Muslim girls grow up to accept violence in their marriage, and why Muslim boys grow up to learn that violence is acceptable. And it is the main reason why nine out of ten children removed from their parents by authorities in Copenhagen are from immigrant families. The Muslim tradition of using pain and intimidation as part of disciplining children are also widely used in Muslim schools — also in the West.

291424_20121124reutersthaier-alsudanibaghdaddi004288081_orighCombined with countless repetitions of Quranic verses in Islamic schools and families, all this makes it very difficult for children to defend themselves against being indoctrinated to follow the Quran, even if it is against secular laws, logic, and the most basic understanding of compassion.

And as we know from so many psychological studies, whatever a child is strongly influenced by at that age takes an enormous personal effort to change later in life. It is no wonder that Muslims in general, in spite of Islam’s inhumane nature and obvious inability to equip its followers with humor, compassion and other attractive qualities, are stronger in their faith than any other religious group.

Four enabling psychological factors

Not only does a traditional Islamic upbringing resemble classical brainwashing methods, but also, the culture it generates cultivates four psychological characteristics that further enable and increase violent behaviour.

These four mental factors are anger, self-confidence, responsibility for oneself and intolerance.

When it comes to anger, Western societies widely agree that it is a sign of weakness. Uncontrolled explosions of this unpleasant feeling are maybe the fastest way of losing face, especially in Northern countries, and though angry people may be feared, they are never respected. In Muslim culture, anger is much more accepted, and being able to intimidate people is seen as strength and source of social status. We even see ethnic Muslim groups or countries proudly declare whole days of anger, and use expressions such as “holy anger” — a term that seems contradictory in peaceful cultures.

In Western societies, the ability to handle criticism constructively if it is justified, and with a shrug if it is misguided, is seen as an expression of self-confidence and authenticity. As everyone has noticed, this is not the case among Muslims. Here criticism, no matter how true, is seen as an attack on one’s honor, and it is expected that the honor is restored by using whatever means necessary to silence the opponent. Muslims almost never attempt to counter criticism with logical arguments; instead, they try to silence the criticism by pretending to be offended or by name-calling, or by threatening or even killing the messenger.

150663_440341369370360_571793557_nThe third psychological factor concerns responsibility for oneself, and here the psychological phenomenon “locus of control” plays a major role. People raised by Western standards generally have an inner locus of control, meaning that they experience their lives as governed by inner factors, such as one’s own choices, world view, ways of handling emotions and situations, etc. Muslims are raised to experience their lives as being controlled from the outside. Everything happens “insha’ Allah” — if Allah wills — and the many religious laws, traditions and powerful male authorities leave little room for individual responsibility. This is the cause for the embarrassing and world-famous Muslim victim mentality, where everybody else is blamed and to be punished for the Muslims’ own self-created situation.

Finally, the fourth psychological factor making Muslims vulnerable to the violent message in the Quran concerns tolerance. While Western societies in general define a good person as being open and tolerant, Muslims are told that they are superior to non-Muslims, destined to dominate non-Muslims, and that they must distance themselves socially and emotionally from non-Muslims. The many hateful and dehumanising verses in the Quran and the Hadiths against non-Muslims closely resemble the psychological propaganda that leaders use against their own people in order to prepare them mentally for fighting and killing the enemy. Killing another person is easier if you hate him and do not perceive him as fully human.

Why Islam creates monsters

The cultural and psychological cocktail of anger, low self-esteem, victim mentality, a willingness to be blindly guided by outer authorities, and an aggressive and discriminatory view toward non-Muslims, forced upon Muslims through pain, intimidation and mind-numbing repetitions of the Quran’s almost countless verses promoting hate and violence against non-Muslims, is the reason why Islam creates monsters.

The psychological problem within Islam

Indian_Kashmiri_Muslim_Shakeel_Bhat_British_Srinagar_200707042158136710_afpThe problem with Islam and Muslim culture is that there are so many psychological factors pushing its followers towards a violent attitude against non-Muslims that a general violent clash is — at least from a psychological perspective — inevitable. With such strong pressure and such strong emotions within such a large group of people — all pitched against us — we are facing the perfect storm, and I see no possibilities of turning it around. For people to change, they have to want it, to be allowed to change, and to be able to change — and only a tiny minority of Muslims have such lucky conditions.

Far too many people underestimate the power of psychology embedded in religion and culture. As we have already seen, no army of social workers, generous welfare states, sweet-talking politicians, politically correct journalists or democracy-promoting soldiers can stop these enormous forces. Sensible laws on immigration and Islamisation in our own countries can limit the amount of suffering, but based on my education and professional experience as a psychologist for Muslims, I estimate that we will not be able to deflect or avoid this many-sided, aggressive movement against our culture.

319772_477600002267106_2040605746_nI do believe that we, as a democratic and educated society can become focused and organised concerning the preservation of our values and constitutions, can win this ongoing conflict started by the often inbred followers of sharia. The big question is how much of our dignity, our civil rights, and our blood, money and tears will we lose in the process.